Emas 24K – Independent Gold™

HISTORY


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THE HISTORY OF GOLD

While bits of natural gold have been found in the remains of inhabited caves dating back as far as the Palaeolithic Era around 40,000 B.C., there is some agreement that gold was first used as adornment in the temples of ancient Egypt. Interestingly enough, gold was not used as money at that time. Instead, the ancient Egyptians used barley as their exchange medium. By the 7th century B.C. gold was used as money in Lydia. Gold has been used for ornaments and decoration and as money for over 5,000 years. Gold leaf has been used for the decoration of tombs and statues, cathedrals and temples, fine books, and picture frames since Egyptian times. Many Egyptian burial cases, including King Tutankhamun’s (1352 BC), were overlaid with beaten gold (called gilding). Gold leaf is still often preferred for adorning the domes or ceilings of buildings (such as the Metropolitan Opera House in New York) because its resistance to corrosion means that it will outlast paint by many years.

Gold was made into jewellery long before it was used as currency. The earliest gold jewellery dates from the Sumeric civilisation around 3,000BC. For centuries, gold has meant wealth, prestige, and power, and its rarity and natural beauty have made it precious to men and women alike. Owning gold has long been a bulwark against disaster. Many times when paper money has failed, men have turned to gold as the one true source of monetary wealth. What is gold and why is gold so important?

Gold is a rare metal. It has the chemical symbol Au, named after Aurora, the Roman goddess of the dawn. The purity of gold is described by its ‘fineness’ in parts per 1,000 or by the carat scale which is parts per 24. The word ‘carat’ derives from the Italian carato, Arabic qirat or Greek keration, all meaning the fruit of the carob tree. Ancient traders used carob seeds as the means to balance the scales in oriental bazaars. Pure gold is 24 carat or 1,000 fine. The price of gold and other precious metals is quoted in terms of troy ounces. The term ‘troy’ is derived from Troyes, France, a major trading city of the middle ages. One troy ounce equals 31.1 grams.

What are the properties of gold?

Pure gold is soft and wears easily. It is often mixed with other harder metals. A mixture of metals is called an alloy. Gold is very unreactive. This means it is resistant to corrosion and tarnishing. That is why a gold nugget can be buried in the ground for thousands of years and still come up looking shiny. Gold is malleable (easily shaped) and ductile (can be drawn into very thin wire). A square lump of gold about the size of your thumb nail would weigh an ounce. That ounce of gold can be flattened into a sheet so thin that it would be thinner than a piece of refill paper, and light could pass through it. It would cover an area about the size of a small bedroom. The same lump of gold can be drawn into a piece of wire 80 km long. That’s long enough to go around a rugby field 23 times.

Where is gold found?

Gold is found as a free metal in nature. It can be found as nuggets or bound up with rock and too small to see with the naked eye. It is sometimes found in association with other metals.

What is gold used for today?

Gold Reflective Glass – Gold reflects heat. This property, and the fact that it is so malleable, means that it is used a lot to coat glass with a thin film which lets through light but not heat. One ounce of gold is enough to cover 93 square metres (approximately 1000 square feet) of glass. Gold-covered glass reflects heat off the outside of a building in summer, and helps to retain warmth in winter by reflecting the heat inside back into the room. The use of reflective glass has reduced cooling and heating costs by as much as 40% in some buildings.

Electronics – Gold is a very good conductor of electricity. As we already know it is able to be drawn out into very thin wires, and it doesn’t corrode or tarnish at high or low temperatures.

This means you’ve got a great material for use in complex and small electronic applications. Gold plating on contacts for switches, relays and connectors accounts for most of the 120 to 140 tonnes of gold required each year by the electronics industry. It is used in circuits in calculators, television sets, computers, telephones and lots of other products. Gold is also really important in satellites and computers.

Satellites and Communications – Gold is used in satellites as part of their electronic circuits, and as a heat shield. We have come to rely on satellites for many things. They provide information about weather patterns around the world and help track the paths of storms. Satellites take photos of agricultural changes, such as diseases affecting crops, to predict production each year and help countries plan what they grow for food or trade. Satellites carry 50% of  country international phone calls. Television companies transmit news, sports and entertainment programmes direct to viewers via satellite. Ships and aircraft use satellite tracking to determine their position. Fishermen trampers, and surveyors use global positioning systems (GPS) to accurately establish their location.

Aerospace – The space programme depends on the clean, non-corroding electrical performance of gold. Because the metal reflects heat it is used to protect astronauts, satellites and critical electronic components from damage by hazardous x-rays and solar radiation found in space.

Medicine – Compounds of gold were first used experimentally in 1927 in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and are still used today. Radioactive gold is used to treat several types of cancer. Gold leaf is used to treat chronic ulcers and is used in surgery to patch damaged blood vessels, nerves, bones and membranes.

Dentistry – Each year dentists in the United States alone, use about 30 tonnes of gold. Gold alloys are used for crowns, bridges, gold inlays and dentures because of their high resistance to corrosion and tarnish.

Properties of Gold

  • Gold is a rare metal , its chemical symbol is Au.
  • The purity of gold is measured by its ‘fineness’ or on the carat scale, pure gold is 1,000 fine or 24 carat.
  • Pure gold is very soft and is often mixed with other harder metals to form an alloy.
  • Gold is resistant to corrosion and tarnishing at both high and low temperatures.
  • Gold is malleable (easy to shape) and ductile (easy to draw out into thin wire).
  • Gold is a very good conductor of electricity and a good reflector of heat.
  • The properties of gold mean it has had a wide range of uses in both ancient and modern times.

ANDA TAHU KETULENAN EMAS ITU BERAPA KARAT?

+jika anda tidak tahu…sila lihat jadual dibawah:

24 Karat adalah Emas Tulen (99.99%)

22 Karat adalah (91.7%) emas dicampur logam lain 8.3% (biasanya perak).

20 Karat adalah (83.3%) kuantiti emas

18 Karat adalah (75%) kuantiti emas

16 Karat adalah (66.6%) kuantiti emas

14 Karat adalah (58.5%) kuantiti emas

09 Karat adalah (37.5%) kuantiti emas

Gold Coin   1 oz      –> WEIGHT: 31.1 gm

Gold Coin   1/2 oz  –> WEIGHT: 15.55 gm

Gold Coin   1/4 oz  –> WEIGHT:  7.77 gm

Gold Coin 1/10 oz –> WEIGHT: 3.11 gm or 0.1 oz

Gold Coin 1/20 oz –> WEIGHT: 1.56 gm or 0.05 oz

Gold Coin 1/25 oz –> WEIGHT: 1.24 gm or 0.037 oz

Gold Coin 1/50 oz –> WEIGHT: 0.77 gm or 0.025 oz


Sekiranya ternampak emas 1/50 oz,  jangan lah ter salah sangka pada angka yang banyak sampai 50 itu, tetapi sebenarnya berat emas itu tak sampai pun 1 gram. Awas, jangan tertipu ya! tipah tertipu takper…😀

TERMINOLOGY
» KARATS:
This stems back to ancient times in the Mediterranean /Middle East, when a carat became used as a measure of the purity of gold alloys.

A Carat (Karat in USA & Germany) was originally a unit of mass (weight) based on the Carob seed or bean used by ancient merchants in the Middle East. The Carob seed is from the Carob or locust bean tree. The carat is still used as such for the weight of gem stones (1 carat is about 200 mg). For gold, it has come to be used for measuring the purity of gold where pure gold is defined as 24 carats. How and when this change occurred is not clear. It does involve the Romans who also used the name Siliqua Graeca (Keration in Greek, Qirat in Arabic, now Carat in modern times) for the bean of the Carob tree. The Romans also used the name Siliqua for a small silver coin which was one-twentyfourth of the golden solidus of Constantine. This latter had a mass of about 4.54 grammes, so the Siliqua was approximately equivalent in value to the mass of 1 Keration or Siliqua Graeca of gold, i.e the value of 1/24th of a Solidus is about 1 Keration of gold, i.e 1 carat.

Gold jewellery/ jewelry is usually described in terms of caratage (karatage), which is an indication of its gold content, for example 18 carat or 18K. Alternatively, the gold content can be described in terms of “fineness”, which is the gold content expressed in parts per thousand, for example 750 (which is 18 carat or 75.0% gold).

Since the price paid by the purchaser for gold jewellery is based on the amount of gold in it, it is important for the consumer to know how many carats (in USA – karats) of gold there is in the piece. Most jewellery worldwide is marked with the caratage or fineness. This may be part of a Hallmark on the jewellery (see Assaying & Hallmarking for the definition of a mark and hallmark).

Pure gold (fine gold) is 24 carats (karats) and so 24 carats is theoretically 100% gold. In Chinese, it is also known as “Chuk Kam”, meaning “pure gold” and is defined as 99.0% gold minimum. Thus, there is a 1.0% negative tolerance allowed in this case.

TROY OUNCE:
Gold is traditionally weighed in Troy Ounces (1 Troy Ounce=31.1035 grammes=1.0971 ounce).

Whether as a stepping stone into the physical market, or as a move to diversify your investment portfolio, gold offers strong benefits to an investor.

1. Gold offers secure value and is easy to invest.

Historically, the value of national currencies may rise and fall but the value of gold remains remarkably stable. Gold fulfills the function of money and is accepted worldwide as a form of payment. You don’t need a huge sum of gold to begin investing gold billions coins , for example, can be purchased from weights as low as a quarter troy ounce.

2. Gold is the most liquid asset.

Gold can be readily bought or sold 24-hours a day in one or more markets around the world. This cannot be said of most investments, including stocks of the world’s largest corporations. In addition, the trading spreads on bullion are generally narrower than the spreads on stocks and bonds (which are considered liquid assets).

3. Gold diversifies your portfolio.

Gold’s low-to-negative correlation with stocks and bonds makes it an excellent portfolio diversifier. In fact, many financial advisers recommend keeping 5% to 10% of your total assets in gold. With gold, you can help offset market fluctuations and reduce volatility.

GOLD FACT

Gold, as a precious metal, has been valued and held in high esteem since ancient times and is still one of the most highly prized metals that has, throughout the ages, been used to symbolize wealth and power.

Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au (Latin: aurum) and an atomic number of 79. Gold has been a highly sought-after precious metal since the beginning of recorded history. Egyptian hieroglyphs from 2600 BC describe the metal and gold is mentioned several times in the Old Testament.

Gold is a rare metallic element that is found in natural settings, mostly in veins of quartz and in certain other alluvial deposits. It can be found in a free state or in combination with other metals. Gold is dense, soft, shiny and the most malleable and ductile pure metal known. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water.


Gold has long been considered one of the most precious metals, and its value has been used as the standard for many currencies (known as the gold standard) in history. Gold has been used as a symbol for purity, value, royalty, and particularly roles that combine these properties.

Of all the precious metals, Gold is the most popular as an investment. The special issue Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coin contains the highest purity Gold of any bullion coin, at 99.999% (.99999 fine). The popular issue Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coin has a purity of 99.99%.

 

26 Responses to "HISTORY"

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Harga Emas 24 Jam

[Most Recent Quotes from www.11.com.my]

Harga Emas Segram (RM$)

[Most Recent Quotes from www.11.com.my]

Retail Gold Price (October 2011)

Federation of Goldsmiths Jewellers Association of Malaysia (FGJAM)

999 Gold    :      RM200.00/gm
916 Gold    :      RM189.00/gm

835 Gold    :      RM1792.00/gm
750 Gold    :      RM155.00/gm
375 Gold    :      RM 84.00/gm


updated on 21 Oct 2011.

UOB Malaysia Gold Price

UOB Malaysia Gold Price

UOB Singapore Gold Price

UOB Singapore Gold Price

Indonesia Fine Gold Price

Logam Mulia Gold Price

Maybank Gold Saving 2009

DATE
SELL (RM/g)
BUY (RM/g)
13-Nov-2009
122.87
117.77

Kijang Emas 2009


Kijang
            Emas

FRIDAY 13 Nov 2009
Size Sell  Buy
1 oz (31.1gm) 3,884 3,653
1/2 oz (15.5gm) 1,979 1,827
1/4 oz (7.77gm) 1,008 913
 

Public Bank Gold Saving 2009

DATE
SELL (RM/g)
BUY (RM/g)
13-Nov-2009
123.37
118.57

Kelantan Gold Dinar 2009

DATE
SELL (1dinar)
BUY (1dinar)
13-Nov-2009
521.00
465.00

Public Gold 2009

 Size PG Sell PG Buy
20gm RM 2,703 RM 2,541
50gm RM 6,726 RM 6,356
100gm RM 13,389 RM 12,720

Retail Gold Price (Nov 2009)

Federation of Goldsmiths Jewellers Association of Malaysia (FGJAM)

999 Gold    :      RM142.00/gm
916 Gold    :      RM134.00/gm

835 Gold    :      RM122.00/gm
750 Gold    :      RM110.00/gm
375 Gold    :      RM 59.00/gm


updated on 05 Nov 2009.

Retail Gold Price (Sept-Oct 09)

999 Gold    :      RM135.00/gm
916 Gold    :      RM127.00/gm

835 Gold    :      RM117.00/gm
750 Gold    :      RM105.00/gm
375 Gold    :      RM 57.00/gm


Retail Gold Price (May-Aug 09

999 Gold    :      RM130.00/gm
916 Gold    :      RM122.00/gm

835 Gold    :      RM112.00/gm
750 Gold    :      RM101.00/gm
375 Gold    :      RM 55.00/gm


Retail Gold Price (April 2009)

999 Gold    :      RM125.00/gm
916 Gold    :      RM117.00/gm

835 Gold    :      RM108.00/gm
750 Gold    :      RM 97.00/gm
375 Gold    :      RM 53.00/gm


Retail Gold Price (March 2009)

999 Gold    :      RM130.00/gm
916 Gold    :      RM122.00/gm

835 Gold    :      RM112.00/gm
750 Gold    :      RM101.00/gm
375 Gold    :      RM 55.00/gm


Kitco Gold Spot Price



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